Congressional Justification for Fiscal Year 2014

Fogarty's Congressional Justification for Fiscal Year 2014 provides justification for the Fiscal Year 2014 activities of the Fogarty International Center, a component of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Fogarty is dedicated to advancing the mission of the National Institutes of Health by supporting and facilitating global health research conducted by U.S. and international investigators, building partnerships between health research institutions in the U.S. and abroad, and training the next generation of scientists to address global health needs. Learn more about Fogarty's mission and vision and global health research and research training programs.

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FY2014 Congressional Justification (Full Text)

Organization Chart

Organization chart for Fogarty International Center for fiscal year 2014, full text description immediately follows 

Text Description of Organization Chart
Office/DivisionName
Office of the DirectorDirector:
Roger Glass, M.D., Ph.D.
Deputy Director:
Acting, Kenneth Bridbord, M.D.
Office of Administrative Management and International Services
(to right of Office of Director)
Dexter Collins, M.P.A.
Division of International Relations
(below Office of Director)
James Herrington, Ph.D.
Division of International Epidemiology and Population Studies
(below Office of Director)
Mark Miller, M.D.
Division of International Science Policy, Planning and Evaluation
(below Office of Director)
Nalini Anand, J.D., M.P.H.
Division of International Training and Research
(below Office of Director)
Acting, Joshua Rosenthal, Ph.D.

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Appropriation Language


For carrying out the activities of the John E. Fogarty International Center (described in subpart 2 of part E of title IV of the Public Health Service Act), $72,864,000.

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Amounts Available for Obligation [Note 1]


(Dollars in Thousands)

Amounts available for obligation
Source of FundingFY 2012 ActualFY 2013 CRFY 2014 PB
Appropriation$69,754$70,048$72,864
Rescission(131)00
Subtotal, adjusted appropriation69,62370,04872,864
Secretary's Transfer for Alzheimer's disease (AD)(46)00
Secretary's Transfer for AIDS authorized by PL 112-74, Section 206(20)00
Comparative transfers to NLM for NCBI and Public Access(64)(82)0
Subtotal, adjusted budget authority69,49369,96672,864
Unobligated balance, start of year000
Unobligated balance, end of year000
Subtotal, adjusted budget authority69,49369,96672,864
Unobligated balance lapsing000
Total obligations69,49369,96672,864

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Budget Mechanism Table [Note 2]


(Dollars in Thousands)

Total budget mechanism
MECHANISMFY 2012 ActualFY 2013 CRFY 2014 PBChange vs. FY 2012
No.AmountNo.AmountNo.AmountNo.Amount
Research Grants:Research Projects:Noncompeting70$7,84252$6,46348$5,311-22-$2,531
Administrative supplements (5)91 (0)0 (0)0 -(5)-91
Competing:Renewal07600000-76
New232,642263,02983,975-151,333
Supplements00000000
Subtotal, competing232,718263,02983,975-151,257
Subtotal, RPGs9310,651789,492569,286-37-1,365
SBIR/STTR00000000
Research Project Grants9310,651789,492569,286-37-1,365
Research Centers:Specialized/comprehensive00000000
Clinical research00000000
Biotechnology00000000
Comparative medicine00000000
Research Centers in Minority Institutions00000000
Research Centers00000000
Other Research:Research careers202,388182,236182,200-2-188
Cancer education00000000
Cooperative clinical research00000000
Biomedical research support00000000
Minority biomedical research support00000000
Other15837,98617339,20318642,162284,177
Other Research17840,37319141,43920444,362263,989
Total Research Grants27151,02426950,93126053,648-112,624
FTTPsFTTPsFTTPsFTTPs
Ruth L. Kirschstein Training Awards:Individual00000000
Institutional00000000
Total Research Training00000000
Research & development contracts03,69404,21104,2710577
SBIR/STTR (non-add) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
FTEsFTEsFTEsFTEs
Intramural research00000000
Research Management and Support5514,7755914,8245914,9454170
Construction00000000
Buildings and Facilities00000000
Total, FIC5569,4935969,9665972,86443,371

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Major Changes in Budget Request

Major changes by budget mechanism and/or budget activity detail are briefly described below. Note that there may be overlap between budget mechanisms and activity detail and these highlights will not sum to the total change for the FY 2014 President's Budget for FIC which is $3.4 million more than the FY 2012 level, for a total of $72.9 million.

Research Project Grants (-$1.365 million; total $9.286 million)

FIC will support a total of 56 Research Project Grant (RPG) awards in FY 2014. Noncompeting RPGs will decrease by 22 awards and decrease by $2.531 million. Competing RPGs will decrease by 15 awards and increase by $1.333 million. With two programs sunsetting in FY 2014, funding will instead go to two of our larger existing programs. FIC will continue to support new investigators.

Research Capacity Strengthening (+$1.135 million; total $37.401 million)

FIC is continuing research training in the Chronic, Non-Communicable Chronic Diseases and Disorders Across the Lifespan Research Training Program. This program will focus on the fields related to cancer, cerebrovascular disease including stroke, lung disease including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), environmental factors including indoor air pollution, and obesity and lifestyle factors related to these conditions. Support continues for the Bioethics program. Increased funding will support FIC's HIV AIDS Research Training Program focusing on low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Development of Human Resources for Global Health Research (+$1.663 million; total $8.105 million)

FIC will increase funding for this activity, building on the progress made with the Global Health Fellows and Scholars Program, which provides supportive mentorship, research opportunities and a collaborative research environment for early stage investigators from the U.S. and LMICs.

International Collaborative Research (+$0.403 million; total $12.413 million)

FIC will continue emphasis on the Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan Program, as well as on the Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Program.

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Summary of Changes


(Dollars in Thousands)

  • FY 2012 Actual: $69,493
  • FY 2014 President's Budget: $72,864
  • Net Change: $3,371
Changes in budget
CHANGES2014 President's BudgetChange from FY 2012
FTEsBudget AuthorityFTEsBudget Authority
A. Built-in
1. Intramural research:
 a. Annualization of March 2013 pay increase & benefits$0$0
 b. January FY 2014 pay increase & benefits00
 c. One more day of pay00
 d. Differences attributable to change in FTE00
 e. Payment for centrally furnished services00
 f. Increased cost of laboratory supplies, materials, other expenses and non-recurring costs00
Subtotal00
2. Research management and support:
 a. Annualization of March 2013 pay increase & benefits$8,241$21
 b. January FY 2014 pay increase & benefits8,24161
 c. One more day of pay8,24131
 d. Differences attributable to change in FTE8,2410
 e. Payment for centrally furnished services81214
 f. Increased cost of laboratory supplies, materials, and other expenses5,8921
Subtotal128
Subtotal, Built-in128
B. Program
 
No.AmountNo.Amount
1. Research project grants:
 a. Noncompeting48$5,311-22-$2,622
 b. Competing83,975-151,257
 c. SBIR/STTR0000
Total569,286-37-1,365
2. Research centers0000
3. Other research20444,362263,989
4. Research training0000
5. Research and development contracts04,2710577
Subtotal, extramural57,9193,201
FTEsAmountFTEsAmount
6. Intramural research0000
7. Research management and support5914,945442
8. Construction00
9. Buildings and facilities00
Subtotal, program5972,86443,243
Total changes3,371

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Budget Graphs for Fiscal Year 2014


History of Budget Authority: Funding Levels by Fiscal Year


Bar Graph: funding levels by fiscal year for 2010 through 2014, full description below 

Funding Levels by Fiscal Year
Description of Graph:
Bar Chart of Funding Levels by Fiscal Year
Fiscal YearFunding Level
(Dollars in Millions)
2010$ 70.0
2011$ 69.4
2012$ 69.5
2013$ 70.0
2014$ 72.9

History of FTEs: FTEs by Fiscal Year


Bar Graph: FTEs by Fiscal Year for 2010 through 2014, full description below 

FTEs by Fiscal Year
Description of Graph:
Bar Chart of FTE's by Fiscal Year
Fiscal YearFTEs
201061
201158
201255
201359
201459

Distribution by Mechanism: FY 2014 Budget Mechanisms


Pie chart of FY 2014 budget mechanisms, full description below 

FY2014 budget mechanism
Description of Graph:
Pie Chart of FY 2014 Budget Mechanisms
CategoryDollars in ThousandsPercent
R&D Contracts$ 4,2716%
RMS$ 14,94520%
Research Project Grants$ 9,28613%
Other Research$ 44,36261%

Change by Selected Mechanisms: FY 2014 Estimate Percent Change from FY 2012 Mechanism


Bar graph: FY 2014 Estimate Percent Change from FY 2012 Mechanism, full description below 

Estimate Percent Change
Description of Graph:
Bar Chart of FY 2014 Estimate Percent Change from FY 2012 Mechanism
CategoryPercent Change
Research Project Grants-12.82%
Research Centers0.00%
Other Research9.88%
Research Training0.00%
R&D Contracts15.62%
Intramural Research0.00%
Research Management and Support1.15%

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Budget Authority by Activity [Note 3], [Note 4]


(Dollars in thousands)

Budget authority by activity
FY 2012 ActualFY 2013 CRFY 2014 PBChange vs. FY 2012
FTEsAmountFTEsAmountFTEsAmountFTEsAmount
Extramural Research

Detail:
Research Capacity Strengthening$36,266$38,156$37,401$1,135
Development of Human Resources for Global Health Research6,4426,2688,1051,663
International Collaborative Research12,01010,71812,413403
Subtotal, Extramural54,71855,14257,9193,201
Intramural research00000000
Res. management & support5514,7755914,8245914,9454170
TOTAL5569,4935969,9665972,86443,371

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Authorizing Legislation


Authorizing legislation
PHS Act/Other CitationU.S. Code CitationFY 2013 Amount AuthorizedFY 2013 CR2014 Amount AuthorizedFY 2014 PB
Research and InvestigationSection 30142§241Indefinite$69,966,000Indefinite$72,864,000
International CooperationSection 30742§242IIndefiniteIndefinite
John E. Fogarty International CenterSection 401(a)42§281IndefiniteIndefinite
Total, Budget Authority$69,966,000$72,864,000

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Appropriations History


Appropriations history
Fiscal YearBudget Estimate to CongressHouse AllowanceSenate AllowanceAppropriation
200567,182,00067,182,00067,600,00067,182,000
Rescission(550,000)
200667,048,00067,048,00068,745,00067,048,000
Rescission(670,000)
200766,681,00066,681,00066,832,00066,378,000
Rescission-
200866,594,00067,599,00068,000,00067,741,000
Rescission(1,183,000)
Supplemental354,000
200966,623,00068,905,00068,476,00068,691,000
Rescission-
201069,227,00070,780,00069,409,00070,051,000
Rescission-
201173,027,000-72,914,00070,051,000
Rescission($615,089)
201271,328,00071,328,00068,653,00069,754,000
Rescission(131,835)
201369,758,000-69,969,000-
Rescission-
201472,864,000---

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Justification of Budget Request


John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences

Authorizing Legislation: Section 301 and title IV of the Public Health Service Act, as amended.

Budget Authority (BA):


Budget Authority
FY 2012 ActualFY 2013 CRFY 2014 President's BudgetFY 2014 +/- FY 2012
BA$69,493,000$69,966,000$72,864,000$3,371,000
FTE555959+4

Program funds are allocated as follows: Competitive Grants/Cooperative Agreements; Contracts; Direct Federal/Intramural and Other.

Director's Overview

From leading the call for an AIDS-free generation to developing vaccines and therapeutics for diseases that affect populations worldwide, the United States is a global leader in health research and scientific advances that improve the lives of Americans and people across the globe. These discoveries are often made by U.S. and foreign scientists working in close collaborations that enable the best and brightest minds to tackle complex health challenges together. The Fogarty International Center therefore supports innovative training and research programs for U.S. and low- and middle-income country (LMIC) scientists that strengthen the research capabilities and catalyze the international scientific partnerships that lead to research discovery and improved health. By investing in current and future leaders in global health research and strengthening the long-term capacity of research institutions to provide robust and sustainable platforms for cutting-edge science, Fogarty advances the goals and extends the leadership of the NIH and the U.S. government in science and research, while playing a vital role in building the capacity needed to successfully tackle critical health challenges.

Recruiting and Retaining Diverse Scientific Talent and Creativity:

Fogarty programs have supported long-term research training for over 4,500 scientists worldwide, in collaboration with over 230 U.S. and LMIC research institutions. These investments provide unique training opportunities for early-career global health researchers, and aid in the retention of this diverse scientific talent in the research enterprise.

  • Fogarty's Framework Programs for Global Health Innovation brings together teams of postdoctoral trainees from many disciplines to produce fresh insights into global health problems, and innovations for implementation in low-resource settings. For example, a medical, engineering, and architecture team from Boston, South Africa, and Peru is receiving the training needed to design and validate effective, affordable prototypes for air disinfection that can help prevent airborne infections, such as tuberculosis and influenza from spreading in low-resource settings.

  • Funded under the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in partnership with 18 NIH Institutes and Centers, and co-administered by Fogarty and the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is transforming medical education and research training for medical students in 12 African countries. The 13 direct MEPI awardees and over 40 partner institutions use a broad range of state-of-the-art teaching and collaboration tools - including e-Learning and resource-sharing - to train the next generation of scientific leaders to solve their country's most pressing health problems - from HIV/AIDS to maternal and child health, and to non-communicable conditions, such as mental health and cardiovascular disease. MEPI is increasing the quality, quantity, and retention of medical faculty and physicians with research skills, and building relationships with the public sector partners that promote sustainable research capacity. For example, Zimbabwe's Ministry of Education is now co-funding the University of Zimbabwe's MEPI work.

Translational Science:

Fogarty programs support researchers who are generating critical scientific evidence and applying this research to specific interventions, policies, and programs. Infectious disease outbreaks from human and animal hosts pose significant potential health and economic threats to the U.S. and other countries.

  • Fogarty's Research and Policy in Infectious Disease Dynamics (RAPIDD) program - co-funded by the Department of Homeland Security - brings together senior infectious disease modelers and postdoctoral fellows to conduct the research and develop infectious disease modeling approaches that can help the U.S. and other policymakers plan for and respond to potential infectious disease threats. RAPIDD models have contributed to a greater understanding of how Avian Influenza, as well as Hand, Foot, and Mouth disease, can develop into outbreaks from an initial case, and how these outbreaks can be controlled effectively.

Today's Basic Science for Tomorrow's Breakthroughs:

Fogarty supports catalytic basic biomedical and behavioral research that can lead to tomorrow's breakthroughs.

  • Fogarty's Brain Disorders program supports cutting-edge research in LMICs on nervous system development, function, and impairment throughout life - research that could lead to new diagnostics, prevention, and treatment strategies. In India, grantees are exploring why Alzheimer's affects Indian populations less than populations in developed countries, with the goal of discovering useful evidence to understand and mitigate Alzheimer's globally. In Uganda, Fogarty-supported research is creating a base of knowledge on dementia in those with long-term HIV infection, and to obtain the data on prevalence, risk factors, and possible differentiation by HIV sub-type that will be useful in understanding the course of the disease and developing potential interventions.

Future Challenges:

The need for sustainability poses a significant challenge for investments in global health research and research training. Fogarty investments continue to evolve with increasing research capabilities in LMICs in order to build on successes and support the training of individual scientists and strengthen research institutions. In addition, Fogarty will increase support for institutional networks and hubs for data collection and sharing. When such sharing platforms are built around a core of trained individuals and strengthened institutions, they can effectively harness the different strengths of these institutions, and promote enhanced efficiencies and more robust, collaborative science.

  • Fogarty envisions that its U.S.-LMIC GEOHealth hubs will become global leaders in the collection, management, synthesis, and interpretation of data on environmental and occupational health, serving the larger multi-national regions in which they reside, as well as supporting research of great relevance to both these LMIC regions and the U.S.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, universities supported by MEPI are emerging as regional training centers and upgrading the technology to enable distance learning and resource-sharing among institutions. This model is revolutionizing African medical education and research training by enabling partner institutions across Africa to pool their areas of expertise, share teaching tools, and ensure that all students receive the highest-quality instruction from the continent's best qualified faculty and researchers.

In an increasingly interconnected world, the U.S. is often called upon to play a leading role in addressing the world's most pressing challenges. Fogarty programs harness the capabilities of the U.S. as a leader of biomedical research, extend the frontiers of science, accelerate discovery, improve the health of Americans and people across the globe, and help the U.S. continue to compete and lead in science.

Overall Budget Policy:

The FY 2014 request for FIC is $72.864 million, an increase of $3.371 million, or 4.8 percent over the FY 2012 Actual level. FIC distributes its resources among many programs and mechanisms and is committed to funding the largest number of meritorious projects possible, while allowing the flexibility needed to support selected program priorities and to respond to emerging scientific opportunities. Funding decisions are based on the number of high-quality applications, the overall number of applications, and the availability of funds. FIC funds a large number of initiatives with collaborating funding partners that include other NIH Institutes/Centers, other government agencies, and non-government organizations. Funding decisions take into account program relevance and overall portfolio consideration.

Funds are included in R&D contracts to support trans-NIH initiatives, such as the Basic Behavioral and Social Sciences Opportunity Network (OppNet).

Program Descriptions and Accomplishments

Research Capacity Strengthening

Identification of priority health challenges and development of effective health interventions to address those challenges require a critical mass of U.S. and low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) institutions that can conduct robust research and train the next generation of scientists to solve complex problems. Strong institutions that can conduct health research and train scientists in a wide range of disciplines are critical to finding solutions to global public health challenges, and to building the research workforce of the future. These institutions can stimulate innovative and multidisciplinary research on locally relevant problems, generate effective and implementable solutions, and build a nimble and networked research workforce. Fogarty investments are strengthening U.S. and LMIC research institutions by supporting the development of new research and research training models that will foster collaborative and sustainable research environments.

Budget Policy

The FY 2014 President's Budget estimate is $37.401 million, an increase of $1.135 million, or 3.1 percent above the FY 2012 Actual level. FIC's Strategic Plan provides the pathway toward developing sustainable global health research and training programs where they are needed most. The plan's first goal is to mobilize the scientific community to address the growing epidemic of chronic, non-communicable diseases related to increased longevity and changing lifestyles in the developing world. To accomplish this, FIC continues to invest in this area, while also investing in the critical infectious diseases agenda. With the merging of several FIC AIDS programs into one called the HIV AIDS Research Training Program, FIC plans to increase funding by $1.0 million, supporting grants that focus on building or strengthening HIV-related capacity in a particular scientific or critical research infrastructure area at LMIC institutions.

Program Portrait: Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) Hub Program

FY 2012 Level: $0.528 million
FY 2014 Level: $0.628 million
Change: +$0.100 million

An untold number of illnesses and deaths around the world come from environmental and occupational hazards, such as contaminated air, water, soil, and food. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), exposures to indoor air pollution from cooking fires, outdoor pollution, radiation, contaminated water, and extreme weather events contribute to nearly a quarter of all deaths and illnesses. Despite the severity of these exposures, many low-resource countries lack the expertise to study the linkages between environmental and occupational risk factors and disease. U.S. researchers find it difficult to study these questions given that environmental and occupational exposures in the U.S. are generally not at high enough concentrations for sustained enough periods to allow for scientific study. To help fill this gap, Fogarty's Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) Hub Program was recently launched in partnership with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

GEOHealth will develop a network of collaborative research training hubs in LMICs that will, in close partnership with U.S. academic institutions, focus on collaborative research, data management, training, curriculum development and policy support regarding high-priority environmental and occupational health research in their regions. The hubs will build a critical mass of well-trained scientists in LMICs with support and recognition from national governments, and provide world-class platforms for collaborative population-based environmental health research of global relevance. In FY 2012 and FY 2013, FIC provided planning grants for 16 regional hubs, each managed by both a U.S. and a host country institution. In FY 2014, the most successful of these projects will be supported with comprehensive research and training awards, with each hub focusing on up to three critical environmental and occupational hazards. For example, a hub in Bangladesh will focus on water contamination, indoor air pollution caused by cooking and heating fuels, and urban smog, while a consortium in Ethiopia will target indoor and outdoor air quality, climate change and occupational health with an emphasis on agriculture. Using the core sciences of environmental monitoring, exposure science, epidemiology, genetics, biostatistics, information and communications technology, and data management, the GEOHealth hubs will become 21st century knowledge synthesis networks in the developing world.

Sustainable development of human resources for global health research

Breakthrough scientific advances in global health are built upon a foundation of well-trained researchers, over 5,000 to date, from both high-income countries and LMICs who collaborate to solve major global health problems. Investing in the best and brightest minds, and catalyzing research and training partnerships between talented U.S. and LMIC scientists continues to be a FIC high priority. Well-trained LMIC researchers bring an understanding of the unique biological, epidemiological, social, and cultural contexts of their communities, thereby contributing this knowledge to research on locally relevant challenges that often have broader, global implications. A further investment is in FIC's Global Health Research and Research Training eCapacity Initiative Program which will support innovative research education programs to teach researchers at LMIC institutions the knowledge and skills necessary to incorporate Information and Communication Technology (ICT) into global health research and research training.

Budget Policy

The FY 2014 President's Budget estimate is $8.105 million, an increase of $1.663 million, or 25.8 percent above the FY 2012 Actual level. FIC's impact has historically been most significant in developing the pipeline of U.S. and foreign research talent. FIC intends to expand the number of overseas research experiences available for young U.S. scientists in order to encourage them to adopt careers in global health. FIC will also continue its research training partnerships between U.S. and foreign institutions and strive to enhance research opportunities for foreign scientists when they return home. In further support, FIC will fund eCapacity training, focusing on the capacity building activities at LMIC institutions.

Portrait of a Program: Fogarty Global Health Program for Fellows and Scholars

FY 2012 Level: $3.397 million
FY 2014 Level: $4.397 million
Change: +$1.000 million

Over the last decade, American university campuses have seen a soaring interest in global health among students and faculty from diverse fields. Since 2004, Fogarty has met this interest by providing individual support to more than 500 fellows (postdoctoral students and MDs) and scholars (current PhD and MD students) for hands-on, clinical research training experiences in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To build on this success and continue fostering the next generation of global health scientists, Fogarty and 17 NIH Institutes and Centers partners are building a new network of 20 U.S. and international academic institutions arranged into five consortia that will provide early-career physicians, nurses, veterinarians, dentists and scientists with a significant mentored research experience in a developing country. Over the next five years, the Fogarty Global Heath Program for Fellows and Scholars will support more than 400 early-career health scientists with focused mentoring and nearly year-long global health clinical research experiences at approximately 80 established research sites in 27 LMICs. The program will enhance the career trajectory of participants, strengthen global health research programs at U.S. and foreign institutions, and bolster networking among fellows, scholars, and senior mentors.

Earlier versions of this program have seen great returns. Participants have published more than 750 articles in peer-reviewed journals, presented research findings at numerous scientific meetings, and used their research training to make practical improvements and advancements in treating disease. In South Africa, Dr. Kogieleum Naidoo attributes the Fogarty scholars program with teaching her the research skills, and providing the mentoring needed enabling her to contribute to significant scientific advances that improve outcomes for people co-infected with HIV and TB. Fogarty fellow Dr. Gerald Bloomfield used his expertise in cardiovascular research and training in Kenya and other countries when he identified an epidemic of diabetes, heart failure and high blood pressure; he put together an educational series of lectures for medical students, residents and technicians on the topics in collaboration with his mentors in Kenya and the U.S. Fellows and scholars will be engaged in research training related to a wide range of diseases and conditions, including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, cancer cardiovascular disease, mental health, and diabetes.

International Collaborative Research

Fogarty-supported research collaborations between U.S. and LMIC scientists make U.S. academic institutions more globally competitive, extend their reach, and enable U.S. scientists to lead and participate in international research teams that address key global health priorities. For example, the burden of chronic, non-communicable diseases is climbing at a rapid rate in many LMICs due to dramatic gains in life expectancy, urbanization, and global economic development. This has led to a shared research agenda between high-income countries and LMICs, as well as opportunities to share knowledge and lessons learned. These partnerships also lead to more robust solutions to global health problems, as the respective strengths and expertise of local and U.S. scientists are brought to bear on complex challenges. Whether the focus is international collaborative research on tobacco control or the prediction and containment of emerging infectious diseases, discoveries and evidence generated by these projects have implications for U.S. populations.

Budget Policy

The FY 2014 President's Budget estimate is $12.413 million, an increase of $0.403 million, or 3.4 percent above the FY 2012 Actual level. This area encourages implementation science to address the “know-do” gap, and would expand research training opportunities for U.S. and foreign scientists, foster a sustainable research environment in LMICs, and build strategic partnerships to further global health.

Portrait of a Program: International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG)

FY 2012 Level: $2.500 million
FY 2014 Level: $3.200 million
Change: +$0.700 million

The International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG) Program is a unique effort by five U.S. government agency partners - the NIH, the National Science Foundation, the United States Department of Agriculture, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Department of Energy - to concretely link scientific discovery to better health, by supporting the translation of biomedical discoveries into new therapies and other products that support human well-being, such as new bio-fuels, crop protection agents, and drugs for animal health. The ICBG supports collaborative, multidisciplinary teams of U.S. and international scientists to conduct discovery research on the health applications of molecules from plants, animals, and microorganisms, while initiating partnerships with companies interested in developing these molecules for potential new drugs or diagnostics. The program also works to ensure that the socioeconomic benefits of discoveries reach the communities where discoveries are made, and that the biodiversity that makes continued scientific discovery possible is protected. The ICBG has supported discovery research for cancer, malaria, tuberculosis (TB), HIV/AIDS, and immune and central nervous system disorders, and has achieved numerous scientific breakthroughs, including three active patents in cancer and malaria, over 600 published scientific papers, and over 4,000 trained U.S. and international scientists.

In Fiji, an ICBG team led by ecologists studying the interaction of fish, algae, and coral observed that the algae were able to protect themselves from infectious agents, such as marine fungi. Using this knowledge, the ICBG team successfully tested the malaria parasite with extracts from these algae and discovered and patented a potential new anti-malarial agent. Given the recent rise of drug-resistant malaria, this could be a significant discovery in the fight against this wide-spread disease. In Fiji and other places, such as the Philippines and Panama, the ICBG teams are identifying different agents that can be used to develop new therapeutics from plants, animals, and microorganisms around the world, while working together with local governments and communities to protect natural bioresources for environmental and economic sustainability and future biodiscovery.

Research Management and Support (RMS)

FIC's RMS provides administrative, budgetary, logistical, and scientific support to review, award, and monitor research grants, training awards, and contracts. It encompasses strategic planning, coordination, and evaluation of the Center's programs; regulatory compliance; international coordination; international science policy; and liaisons with other Federal agencies, Congress, and the public. Specific functions include an in-house epidemiology section performing mathematical modeling of infectious diseases; international program officers developing partnerships between U.S. scientists and institutions and their counterparts abroad to advance scientific research and training; identification of collaborative opportunities with foreign science funding agencies; support for all NIH international travel by issuing and tracking official government passports and international visas; review and approval of Notice of Foreign Travel requests; and the creation and coordination of official travel cables to U.S. Embassies.

Budget Policy

The FY 2014 President's Budget estimate is $14.945 million, an increase of $0.170 million, or 1.2 percent above the FY 2012 Actual level.

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Budget Authority by Object [Note 3]

(Dollars in thousands)

Budget authority by object
FY 2012 ActualFY 2014 PBIncrease or Decrease
Total compensable workyears:
Full-time employment55594
Full-time equivalent of overtime and holiday hours000
Average ES salary (in whole dollars)$179,700$0($179,700)
Average GM/GS grade12.112.10.0
Average GM/GS salary (in whole dollars)$101,326$101,326$0
Average salary, grade established by act of July 1, 1944 (42 U.S.C. 207) (in whole dollars)$0$0$0
Average salary of ungraded positions$0$0$0
OBJECT CLASSESFY 2012 ActualFY 2014 PBIncrease or Decrease
Personnel Compensation:
11.1Full-time permanent$4,478$4,900$422
11.3Other than full-time permanent1,1181,224106
11.5Other personnel compensation14916314
11.7Military personnel13014212
11.8Special personnel services payments000
Total, Personnel Compensation5,8756,429554
12.0Personnel benefits1,6021,754152
12.2Military personnel benefits53585
13.0Benefits for former personnel000
Subtotal, Pay Costs7,5308,241711
21.0Travel and transportation of persons348300(48)
22.0Transportation of things1818(0)
23.1Rental payments to GSA000
23.2Rental payments to others110
23.3Communications, utilities and miscellaneous charges1351350
24.0Printing and reproduction11(0)
25.1Consulting services(0)00
25.2Other services2,7452,7538
25.3Purchase of goods and services from government accounts7,0556,799(256)
25.4Operation and maintenance of facilities330
25.5Research and development contracts425781356
25.6Medical care000
25.7Operation and maintenance of equipment29290
25.8Subsistence and support of persons000
25.0Subtotal, Other Contractual Services10,25510,365110
26.0Supplies and materials7265(7)
31.0Equipment10990(19)
32.0Land and structures000
33.0Investments and loans000
41.0Grants, subsidies and contributions51,02453,6482,624
42.0Insurance claims and indemnities000
43.0Interest and dividends00(0)
44.0Refunds000
Subtotal, Non-Pay Costs61,96364,6232,660
Total Budget Authority by Object Class69,49372,8643,371

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Salaries and Expenses


(Dollars in thousands)

Salaries and expenses
OBJECT CLASSESFY 2012 ActualFY 2014 PBIncrease or Decrease
Personnel Compensation:
  Full-time permanent (11.1)$4,478$4,900$422
  Other than full-time permanent (11.3)1,1181,224106
  Other personnel compensation (11.5)14916314
  Military personnel (11.7)13014212
  Special personnel services payments (11.8)000
Total Personnel Compensation (11.9)5,8756,429554
Civilian personnel benefits (12.1)1,6021,754152
Military personnel benefits (12.2)53585
Benefits to former personnel (13.0)000
Subtotal, Pay Costs7,5308,241711
Travel (21.0)348300(48)
Transportation of things (22.0)18180
Rental payments to others (23.2)110
Communications, utilities and miscellaneous charges (23.3)1351350
Printing and reproduction (24.0)110
Other Contractual Services:
  Advisory and assistance services (25.1)000
  Other services (25.2)2,7452,7538
  Purchases from government accounts (25.3)5,1954,865(330)
  Operation and maintenance of facilities (25.4)330
  Operation and maintenance of equipment (25.7)29290
  Subsistence and support of persons (25.8)000
Subtotal Other Contractual Services7,9727,650(322)
Supplies and materials (26.0)7265(7)
Subtotal, Non-Pay Costs8,5478,170(377)
Total, Administrative Costs16,07716,411334

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Details of Full-Time Equivalent Employment (FTEs)


Details of full-time equivalent employment
OFFICE/DIVISIONFY 2012 ActualFY 2013 CRFY 2014 PB
CivilianMilitaryTotalCivilianMilitaryTotalCivilianMilitaryTotal
Office of the DirectorDirect:14-1414-1414-14
Reimbursable:---------
Total:14-1414-1414-14
Office of Administrative ManagementDirect:11-1114-1414-14
Reimbursable:---------
Total:11-1114-1414-14
Division of International RelationsDirect:11-1111-1111-11
Reimbursable:---------
Total:11-1111-1111-11
Division of International Training and ResearchDirect:11-1112-1212-12
Reimbursable:---------
Total:11-1112-1212-12
Division of International Science Policy, Planning and EvaluationDirect:5-55-55-5
Reimbursable:---------
Total:5-55-55-5
Division of International Epidemiology and Population StudiesDirect:213213213
Reimbursable:---------
Total:213213213
TOTAL541555815958159

Includes FTEs whose payroll obligations are supported by the NIH Common Fund.

FTEs supported by funds from Cooperative Research and Development Agreements.

Average GS grade by fiscal year
FISCAL YEARAverage GS Grade
201011.9
201111.9
201212.1
201312.1
201412.1

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Detail of Positions [Note 3]


Detail of positions
GRADEFY 2012 ActualFY 2013 CRFY 2014 PB
Total, ES Positions100
Total, ES Salary$179,700$0$0
GM/GS-15888
GM/GS-14151515
GM/GS-13777
GS-12466
GS-11666
GS-10000
GS-9444
GS-8122
GS-7255
GS-6011
GS-5111
GS-4100
GS-3000
GS-2111
GS-1000
Subtotal505656
Grades established by
Act of July 1, 1944 (42 U.S.C. 207):
Assistant Surgeon General000
Director Grade111
Senior Grade000
Full Grade000
Senior Assistant Grade000
Assistant Grade000
Subtotal111
Ungraded121212
Total permanent positions515151
Total positions, end of year646969
Total full-time equivalent (FTE) at YE555959
Average ES salary179,70000
Average GM/GS grade12.112.112.1
Average GM/GS salary101,326101,326101,326

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Notes

  • Note 1: Excludes the following amounts for reimbursable activities carried out by this account:
    FY 2012 - $5,325
    FY 2013 - $5,325
    FY 2014 - $5,431

  • Note 2: All items in italics and brackets are "non-adds."

  • Note 3: Includes FTEs whose payroll obligations are supported by the NIH Common Fund.

  • Note 4: Includes Transfers and Comparable Adjustments as detailed in the "Amounts Available for Obligation" table.

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