NIH - Fogarty International Center - Advancing Science for Global Health
In much of the developing world, where people use unventilated, smoky stoves for food preparation, COPD impacts many
Half the world's population relies on elemental stoves for cooking or heating. Those using cookstoves usually burn dung, wood, soft coal or rice husks, all of which produce toxic carbon emissions. The resulting indoor air pollution (IAP) is estimated to take 1.9 million lives each year due to increased risks of acute pneumonia in children under five, and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and lung cancer in women.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has committed about $25 million over the next five years to reducing this impact, and improving the health of those who rely on cookstoves. NIH is participating in the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, a public-private partnership led by the United Nations Foundation to improve livelihoods, empower women and children, and combat climate change by creating a sustainable market for clean and efficient cooking stoves and fuels. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced the initiative at the Clinton Global Initiative meeting in New York in 2010.
Read below how institutes, centers and offices at NIH are engaged in this effort.
NIH IAP and Cookstove News and Related Resources
Acoustic fan could ease indoor air pollutionMar / Apr 2009 Global Health Matters
Chronic disease alliance sets priorities, including addressing indoor pollution caused by cooking stovesNov / Dec 2009 Global Health Matters
Research Review: The Health Impacts of Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution from Solid Fuels in Developing Countries: Knowledge, Gaps, and Data NeedsNIEHS Environmental Health Perspectives via PubMed, November 2002
Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases includes reducing indoor pollution caused by crude cooking stoves in developing countries during its November 2009 inaugural scientific summit in New Delhi in its list of initial priority areas.
NIH IAP Health Impacts - Related Resources
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) information from NHLBI's COPD Learn More Breathe Better® campaign
COPD: Learn More, Breathe Better - Are You at Risk? fact sheet from NHLBI
What Is COPD? from NHLBI Diseases and Conditions Index
What Is Asthma? from NHLBI Diseases and Conditions Index
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