Successful implementation of evidence-based health interventions remains one of the greatest challenges to improving health in the general population, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Many evidence-based innovations fail to produce results when transferred to these communities, largely because their implementation is untested, unsuitable or incomplete.
Scientific research can play a significant role in the process of translating evidence-based interventions into better health outcomes for the population.
Implementation science is the scientific study of methods to promote the integration of research findings and evidence-based interventions into healthcare policy and practice. It seeks to understand the behavior of healthcare professionals and support staff, healthcare organizations, healthcare consumers, and policy-makers in context as key variables in the sustainable uptake, adoption, and implementation of evidence-based interventions.
Following the Third Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation, the satellite meeting on Implementation Science and Global Health brought together Fogarty grantees and trainees working in the field of international implementation science, research training, and curriculum development. The meeting also explored strategies to build linkages between implementation science researchers to global healthcare delivery programs.
The primary objectives of the satellite meeting were to:
- Understand the current scope and scale of implementation science and research training in Fogarty-funded programs;
- Encourage collaboration and the exchange of information among Fogarty programs on experiences and best practices in implementation research and research training;
- Identify future areas of research and strategies for implementation science capacity-building; and
- Explore strategies to build and strengthen linkages between researchers, policymakers and implementers for the delivery of effective health interventions.
Updated April 2010