The results of an Israeli survey of employment of people with past or current mood or anxiety disorders found that employment among persons who recover from an episode of a mood or anxiety disorder can return at a rate similar to that among persons who have never had a disorder. Employment was affected only during the acute phase of a disorder, but early onset of a mood or anxiety disorder has lasting effects in terms of job level and salary.
Age at onset of the disorder was related to earning above the average salary for the population of Israel: Those with onset before age 25 had lower odds of being in the above-average group. No significant differences in rates of employment were found between those who had never had a disorder and those who had a lifetime or past-year disorder.
The study also showed that analysis of the reasons for unemployment showed that mental health problems were the cause of unemployment rather than the result and that the stigma related to a past mental disorder is a likely obstacle for reemployment.
A Fogarty International Research Collaboration Award contributed to funding this research.