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Resources for Implementation Science Researchers

The following resource collections are recommended for implementation science (IS) researchers.

This collection is intended to develop over time with input from users. Let us know when you use these tools, what additional related tools you use, and your suggestions for improvements by emailing learningcollaborative@nih.gov.

IS Practice | IS Training | Community-Based and Participatory Research | Past Funding

Resources for Implementation Science Practice

  • Active Implementation Hub is a product of the National Implementation Research Network and another group located at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute. It has several useful tools and training modules. (National Implementation Research Network, 2013)
  • Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) is a site specifically for individuals considering using CFIR to evaluate an existing program or study(Center for Clinical Management Research, 2014). It has a specific section entitled Tools and Templates that provides resources for both data collection and analysis with focus on qualitative methods.
  • Dissemination and Implementation Models in Health Research and Practice, developed by Center for Research in Implementation Science Prevention (CRISP) is a web-based tool to help researchers select and apply a dissemination and/or implementation model to a specific research question and context.
  • ExpandNet: Scaling Up Health Innovations is a global network of representatives from international organizations, non-governmental organizations, academic and research institutions, ministries of health and specific projects who seek to advance the science and practice of scaling up. They have a variety of available resources (ExpandNet, 2004).
  • Global Implementation Initiative was established in 2011 and provides resources, executes activities and hosts conferees dedicates to promote and establish coherent and collaborative approaches to implementation practice, science, and policy. It provides insight into the organizations working in this field and the depth of resources available.
  • Implementation Science a website by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (National Cancer Institute, 2015b) provides tools geared toward scientists in cancer research, as well as training opportunities. The section entitled Implementation Science at a Glance (National Cancer Institute, 2015a) provides general background resources.
  • Knowledge Translation Library (KT Library) by the Canadian Institute for Health Research (Research Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability Rehabilitation, 2015) particularly, resources available at the Center for Knowledge Translation on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability Rehabilitation Research, 2013).
  • KT+ Knowledge Translation by McMaster University’s Health Information Research Unit provides a large clearing house for translation tools and research (Health Information Research Unit at McMaster University, 2015).
  • Society for Implementation Research and Collaboration (SIRC) is a society that brings together researchers and stakeholders committed to the rigorous evaluation of implementation of evidence based psychosocial interventions and provides expensive resources on various frameworks, as well as insights on how they might be used.
  • University College London Centre for Behavior Change Resources page provides a variety of resources related to planning programs to support behavior change (Centre for Behaviour Change at University College London, 2015).

Implementation Science Training Resources

  • Active Implementation Hub is a product of the National Implementation Research Network and another group located at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute. It has several useful tools as well as specific training modules. (National Implementation Research Network, 2013). A variety of learning opportunities in IS of 3 types short courses (1 hour), modules (45 minutes) and lessons (15 minutes) are available.
  • Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) South London developed an Implementation Science Masterclass to help participants work more effectively on their implementation projects.
  • Evidence-Based Behavioral-Practice is an online training resource developed at Northwestern University with resources from the National Library of Medicine and the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research at NIH. It offers tools to foster research to practice translation and practice-based research as well as to help program implementers acquire evidence-based skills (Spring, 2007). It includes a specific course on the implementation of evidence-based practices (Spring, Ferguson, Pender, & Starin, 2007), as well as additional training modules.
  • Fundamentals of Implementation Research is an online training with an accompanying workbook available for download by MEASURE Evaluation funded by USAID, available in various languages (MEASURE Evaluation). This was developed as a certificate program. Unfortunately, as of December 2015 certificates are no longer offered, but the curriculum remains available.
  • Implementation science information and resources collection from Fogarty at NIH shares the latest news and funding from NIH, the U.S. Government and more for implementation researchers.
  • Implementation Research Toolkit is a training and workbook set by the World Health Organization (World Health Organization, 2014).
  • International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) is an international NGO funded primarily by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, United Kingdom Department for International Development, and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. The award grants for international development impact evaluation. They have a number of videos that explain the basics of impact evaluation targeted at international development professionals. Some example titles include “Using Evidence to Inform Policy” and “Quasi-Experimental Methods for Impact Evaluation.” They also offer workshops and courses related to impact evaluation in international locations (International Initiative for Impact Evaluation, 2015).
  • Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (TIDIRH) put on annually by Kaiser Permanente and the Cancer Research Network (Kaiser Permanente Cancer Research Network, 2015).
  • PhD in Global Health Metrics and Implementation Science offered by the University of Washington, Seattle provides an opportunity for advanced study in IS.

Community-Based and Participatory Research Tools and Training

  • Affirm is a community of practice working toward a shared vision of strengthening local capacity and use specific skills to enhance care, prevention and action by communities (Affirm, 2015). They are committed to a strengths based approach to community development and use a framework for community inquiry and relationship building called Stimulate, Support, Appreciate, Listen, Learn, Link, Transfer and Team (SALT) (Constellation, 2006). Protocol for SALT Team Visits is available for download.
  • Community-Based Participatory Action Research Toolkit was developed by the University of Washington’s Institute for Translational Health Sciences and funded by the NIH National Center for Research Resources. This tool is geared toward communities wanting to engage in research and may provide researchers working with communities useful tools to engage communities in research (Better Tools for Multi-site Research, 2013).
  • Guiding Principles: Facilitating learning, understanding and change through relationships is a methodological resource developed by the Department of Sustainability and Environment in Australia to assist in developing facilitation skills necessary in supporting networks including planning, mapping and evaluation. They also use a SALT methodology as developed by The Constellation and included in this list of resources above (Campbell, Campbell, & Blair, 2011).
  • International Collaboration for Participatory Health Research is a collaborative group founded to promote research not done on people as passive subjects providing data, but rather with affected groups and individuals to provide empowered people relevant information for improving lives. They host the Participatory Health Research Online Course with universities in Germany, Portugal, United Kingdom, and Canada (International Collaboration for Participatory Health Research).
  • Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), NIH Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) details the work and support for community-based participatory research approaches in US domestic contexts OBSSR has provided. This site offers resources and examples from US domestic setting that may be used to inform work in LMIC contexts.
  • Developing and Sustaining Community-based Participatory Research Partnerships: A Skill-Building Curriculum developed by The University of Washington was intended as a tool for community-institutional partnerships using or planning to use a community-based approach to improve health (The Examining Community-Institutional Partnerships for Prevention Research Group, 2006). Resources provided are from US settings, but may prove useful in LMIC contexts.

Past Funding Opportunities

The following funding opportunities are no longer accepting applications, but information about historical funding may help guide future planning by researchers.

This toolkit is a product of and for the Learning Collaborative for Implementation Science in Global Brain Disorders, which was initiated and is hosted by the Center for Global Health Studies at the Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health (NIH), and was developed in collaboration with members of the Learning Collaborative.

Partners in the Learning Collaborative include the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), the National Institute on Aging (NIA), the Society of Neuroscientists of Africa (SONA), and the International Brain Research Organization (IBRO).